Xinhua news agency, Zhengzhou, May 7 (Xinhua) — how Chinese civilization originated and developed has always been the focus of attention. On May 7, Zhengzhou Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology announced the major archaeological achievements of Shuanghuaishu ancient capital site.
“The important archaeological findings of Shuanghuaishu site demonstrate the representativeness and influence of Heluo area in the golden stage of the origin of Chinese civilization around 5300 years, fill in the key materials of the key period and area of the origin of Chinese civilization, and also show that the Yangshao culture in the middle and late period centered on Shuanghuaishu site is indeed the root of the Yellow River culture.” Wang Wei, member of the School Department of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and President of the Chinese society of archaeology, said.
Shuanghuaishu site is located in Heluo Town, Gongyi City, Henan Province, where yiluohui flows into the Yellow River. In recent years, Zhengzhou Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Institute of Archaeology of Chinese Academy of social sciences have carried out continuous archaeological work on the site. After on-the-spot investigation and discussion by a number of well-known archaeologists, it is believed that this site is a capital site in the era of ancient country around 5300 years ago. Because it is located in the central area of Heluo, it is proposed to be named “Heluo ancient country”.
Gu Wanfa, President of Zhengzhou Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, introduced at the press conference that there were three major ring trenches in the middle and late stages of Yangshao culture, walls with the earliest urn city structure, large-scale central residential sites with closed row layout, more than 1700 large-scale public cemeteries with strict planning, three relics of rammed earth sacrificial platform, and large-scale buildings integrated with important people’s living in Heluo ancient country The nine astronomical remains of Beidou and nine stars simulated by pottery pots, the earliest silkworm and tusk carving works, sacrificial relics, pottery making workshop area, road system, etc. which are closely related to the origin of silk, and a large number of cultural relics of Yangshao culture period are unearthed.
Li boqian, a professor of Peking University and chief scientist of Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties dating project, and other experts recognized that Shuanghuaishu site is the highest standard central settlement with the nature of capital found so far in the middle and late Yangshao culture in the Yellow River Basin, the early stage of the formation of Chinese civilization. Moreover, after careful site selection and scientific planning, many sites around Shuanghuaishu city formed a trend of archery.
A series of important archaeological discoveries show that the “Central Plains Civilization Development Mode” represented by Shuanghuaishu site advocates the center and cultural inclusion, pays attention to people’s livelihood and farming, but contributes the created social wealth to the gods in different places, but more into social reproduction. The main body of the first mock exam is inherited and developed by the mainstream political society in the future, and has become the most representative and leading mainstream development mode and thought in the historical process of Chinese civilization.
Experts believe that the concept of universe in the heaven and earth, the ceremonial thinking in accordance with the heaven and the earth, the large-scale high-level buildings, the rigorous and orderly settlement layout, the core position in the earliest urban agglomeration of China’s geographical center, etc., the connotation of the Shuanghuaishu site, especially the social development mode and the bearing ideology, presents the Wangdu climate in the ancient times, the Beidou Jiuxing and Zhuzhu Most of them highlight the phenomenon of ritual system and civilization, which was inherited and carried forward by the later Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. The Chinese civilization of more than five thousand years is just based on this main root.