Seventy Years of Great Traffic Change

Since the founding of New China 70 years ago, great changes have taken place in the field of transportation, connecting 9.6 million square kilometers of the land of Shenzhou, bringing about a growing sense of acquisition and happiness for nearly 1.4 billion Chinese people. The change of transportation means is not only the great change of science and technology, but also the testimony of the common struggle and dedication of countless people.
From the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic to the reform and opening up, the common people from “can walk” to “walk well”, from “there is a way to go” to “there is a car to ride” and “organic to ride”.
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, there were only 2783 kilometers of highways, 653 kilometers of railways, old and temporary airports left over from the War of Resistance, and only ferry and small fishing boats for civil aviation. 64% of the people’s travel and cargo transportation depended on manpower or animal power.
In 2018, Yunnan’s comprehensive transportation investment reached a new high of 219.613 billion yuan, ranking first in China. Yunnan Highway has a total mileage of 253,000 kilometers, including 5,198 kilometers of expressway, 82 expressways in 129 counties of Yunnan Province; the whole province has completed the construction of hardened roads through villages; Kunming to Dali, Dali to Lijiang, Kunming to Mongolia Automated Vehicles have all been opened and operated, and the railway operation mileage has reached 3856 kilometers (including 1026 kilometers of high-speed railway). The number of provincial airports has reached 15, and the number of navigation points to Southeast Asia and South Asia ranks the first in the country. The navigation distance of provincial waterways has reached 4339 kilometers.
Time goes on and on. With the glorious years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China 70 years ago, how does Chongqing present itself in this magnificent picture of the whole country?
The first railway built after the founding of New China – Chengdu-Chongqing Railway; Tianjin through Hankou to Chongqing, Tianjin through Hankou to Guangzhou routes opened, marking the formal opening of domestic routes of New China Civil Aviation..
In December 2004, the State Council passed the first national highway network planning, covering a total mileage of 85,000 kilometers, covering 1 billion people. As one of the hubs, Chongqing links the east-west highway to Shanghai in series and the north-south highway to Kunming longitudinally.
In 1929, there were airports in the main city of Chongqing. The Coral Dam Airport built in 1933 was the first land airport built by civil aviation in China. The Baishiyi Airport built in 1939 was the third airport put into use in China.
On December 26, 2015, the Chengdu-Chongqing High-speed Railway was officially opened and operated with a designed speed of 350 km/h and a total length of 308 km. According to the introduction of Chengdu Railway 12306, the Chengdu-Chongqing High-speed Railway is basically parallel to the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway. After passing through the main cities along the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway, it is no longer meandering along mountains and rivers, but cutting straight by high bridges or tunnels. After the opening of the Chengdu-Chongqing high-speed railway, the running time of the two places was reduced to 1.5 hours.
On September 24, a Rail Transit Line 2 train carrying 70 years of “traffic memory” of Shanghai City crossed Shanghai downtown, passing through two major airports and a high-speed railway station, to tell passengers about the vicissitudes of Shanghai traffic since the founding of New China 70 years ago.
Relevant data show that there are 17 rail transit lines in Shanghai, with a total mileage of 673 kilometers, ranking first in the world; Shanghai Expressway leaps from 0 kilometers to 829 kilometers from point to line and network; Shanghai Port container throughput reaches 420.01 million standard boxes in 2018, an increase of 4.4% over the same period of last nine years, and remains the world’s largest in the world. One. On March 24, 2018, Wusongkou International Cruise Port, Asia’s largest cruise home port, ushered in the first three ships to dock together. In 2019, Shanghai was approved to establish China’s first cruise tourism development demonstration zone. For three consecutive years, Shanghai’s cruise business ranked first in Asia, ranking fourth in the world for five years, accounting for 63% of the national cruise market.
In 2018, Shanghai’s two major airports completed an annual passenger throughput of 117,633,300 people, ranking fourth in the world’s cities; the annual cargo and postal throughput of 4,175,700 tons, ranking third in the world’s cities. At present, the largest single satellite office in the world, Pudong Airport Satellite Office, will be put into operation within the year, and the annual passenger support capacity of the airport will reach 80 million people.